Dry skin causes pruritus and discomfort in patients with xerosis and atopic dermatitis. General treatment for skin dryness involves the topical application of an emollient. However, more effective, simpler therapies are desired. Collagen tripeptide (CTP) is a highly purified, non-antigenic, low-allergenic collagen fraction that is known to have various biological effects.
To clarify the therapeutic effects of CTP for dry skin using acetone-induced dry skin model mice.
ICR mice were treated with acetone followed by oral administration of CTP (80 or 500 mg/kg/day) for 3 days. Hyaluronic acid production induced by CTP was assessed using human dermal fibroblasts in vitro and in an acetone-induced dry skin model mice in vivo. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and scratching behavior were evaluated. Furthermore, the effects of CTP on intraepidermal nerve fibers and expression of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) and nerve growth factor (NGF) were examined by immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR.
CTP enhanced hyaluronic acid production in human dermal fibroblasts in vitro and in murine skin in vivo. Oral administration of CTP in acetone-induced dry skin model mice significantly decreased TEWL and suppressed scratching behavior. Intraepidermal nerve growth was dramatically inhibited in CTP-treated mice. Quantitative PCR analysis and immunohistochemical study revealed that CTP abolished the increased NGF and decreased Sema3A levels induced by acetone treatment.
Oral administration of CTP improves dry skin and normalizes axon-guidance factors in the epidermis in addition to reducing pruritus. CTP may be used in a new therapeutic strategy against dry skin and pruritus.
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Published online: March 14, 2012
Accepted: February 8, 2012
Received in revised form: February 5, 2012
Received: December 8, 2011
© 2012 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.